How Old Is the Moon? Scientists Say They Finally Know

We are told that there are methods by which we can determine accurately the age of this incredible earth. Does radiometric dating provide the desperately needed ‘proof’ that evolutionists have long been searching for? Is it accurate enough? In the next few thoughts, I seek to enlighten you to the reality of the fallacy of radiometric dating, and answer these probing questions. In order to correctly understand the issue, you must come to an understanding of the process or mechanics behind the idea of radiometric dating. There are several methods used, but in this small article, only two will be examined:

How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?

At the time that Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published, the earth was “scientifically” determined to be million years old. By , it was found to be 1. In , science firmly established that the earth was 3. Finally in , it was discovered that the earth is “really” 4.

Carbon dating is used to determine the age of biological artifacts up to 50, years old. This technique is widely used on recent artifacts, but educators and students alike should note that this technique will not work on older fossils (like those of the dinosaurs alleged to be millions of years old).

How Old Is the Moon? A new analysis of lunar rocks brought to Earth by Apollo astronauts suggests that the moon formed 4. Some previous studies have come up with similar estimates, while others have argued for a younger moon that coalesced million to million years after the solar system was born. The new finding, which was published today Jan.

The moon’s birth Astronomers think the moon was born after a Mars-size body or a series of such big objects slammed into the early Earth. Some of the material blasted into space coalesced to form Earth’s nearest neighbor, the thinking goes. But it’s been hard to pin down exactly when this impact, or these impacts, occurred, Barboni said. That’s because the rocks collected by Apollo astronauts and studied by scientists tend to be breccias — jumbles of different rock types mashed together by meteorite strikes which are very common on the lunar surface, because the moon has almost no atmosphere to burn up falling space rocks.

Rather than study entire rocks and hope they date all the way back to the moon’s birth, the team dated the formation of the object’s mantle and overlying crust. This “differentiation” occurred shortly after the giant impact s , when a global liquid-magma ocean initially present on the moon cooled and solidified. And this solidification left a signal, Barboni said — a mineral called zircon. The researchers studied zircon fragments in rocks collected by Apollo 14 astronauts in The team dated the samples radiometrically, by measuring how much of their uranium had decayed into lead, and how their hafnium had decayed into various “daughter isotopes.

The team’s analyses show that the zircon fragments are pristine and ancient, dating back to the solidification of the magma ocean, Barboni said.

How accurate are Carbon-14 and other radioactive dating methods?

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Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils. Whiston added comets to Burnet’s cosmogony as the source of the waters of the flood.

Lectures and Discourse of Earthquakes and Subterranean Eruptions. Hooke believed that the fossils were the remains of extinct species and could not be accounted for by the Flood. Using Descartes’s cosmology, the assumption that the earth was once entirely flooded, and the observation that the sea level was dropping three inches per century near his home, he calculated the age of the earth to be greater than 2 billion years.

Observation sur la Formation des Montagnards Pallas made extensive observations of Russian mountains.

Uranium-lead Dating

See this page in: Hungarian , Russian , Spanish People who ask about carbon 14C dating usually want to know about the radiometric [1] dating methods that are claimed to give millions and billions of years—carbon dating can only give thousands of years. People wonder how millions of years could be squeezed into the biblical account of history. Clearly, such huge time periods cannot be fitted into the Bible without compromising what the Bible says about the goodness of God and the origin of sin, death and suffering —the reason Jesus came into the world See Six Days?

Christians , by definition, take the statements of Jesus Christ seriously. This only makes sense with a time-line beginning with the creation week thousands of years ago.

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number It is a silvery-grey metal in the actinide series of the periodic table.A uranium atom has 92 protons and 92 electrons, of which 6 are valence m is weakly radioactive because all isotopes of uranium are unstable, with half-lives varying between , years and billion years.

Gamma rays can pass completely through the human body; as they pass through, they can cause damage to tissue and DNA. Elements in the periodic table can take on several forms. Some of these forms are stable; other forms are unstable. Typically, the most stable form of an element is the most common in nature. However, all elements have an unstable form. Unstable forms emit ionizing radiation and are radioactive. There are some elements with no stable form that are always radioactive, such as uranium.

Elements that emit ionizing radiation are called radionuclides. When it decays, a radionuclide transforms into a different atom – a decay product.

Age of the Earth

His calculations did not account for heat produced via radioactive decay a process then unknown to science or, more significantly, convection inside the Earth, which allows more heat to escape from the interior to warm rocks near the surface. For biologists, even million years seemed much too short to be plausible. In Darwin’s theory of evolution , the process of random heritable variation with cumulative selection requires great durations of time.

According to modern biology, the total evolutionary history from the beginning of life to today has taken place since 3. Huxley , attacked Thomson’s calculations, suggesting they appeared precise in themselves but were based on faulty assumptions.

Radiocarbon Dating: Its Limitations and Usefulness “Combining the effects of these two trees, we see a site that was actually occupied for years (from to BCE) appearing – using conventional radiocarbon dating – to have been occupied for 30, years (from 40, to 9, BCE).”.

The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years. We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods. We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous.

This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points. Since there doesn’t seem to be any systematic error that could cause so many methods to agree with each other so often, it seems that there is no other rational conclusion than to accept these dates as accurate.

Problems with the U-Pb Radioisotope Dating Methods—1. Common Pb

The whole reason they were able to determine that Oklo had a naturally occuring fission reactor was that the rocks contained isotopes that were not consistent with the standard decay of uranium isotopes. Yes, that would be the next step. So, I would need to know what those products would be and what isotopes have been found in zircon. There are a few problems though. As I said, if this is something that has happened, then the hydrogen was likely boiled off by the reaction.

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Pro Radiometric dating is the method for establishing the age of objects by measuring the levels of radioisotopes in the sample. One example is carbon dating. Carbon 14 is created by cosmic rays in the upper atmosphere. It decays to nitrogen 14 with a half life of years. C14 is continually being created and decaying, leading to an equilibrium state in the atmosphere.

When the carbon dioxide, containing C14 as well as stable C12 and C13, is taken in by plants it is no longer exposed to the intense cosmic ray bombardment in the upper atmosphere, so the carbon 14 isotope decays without being replenished. Measuring the ratio of C14 to C12 and C13 therefore dates the organic matter for periods back to about eight half-lives of the isotope, 45, years.

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Red horse head, below and to the left of the yellow horse heads. These horse heads and signs are in a small alcove, above a flat floor. Just a few lines have been used to outline more clearly the shape of a small mammoth, about 20 cm wide, taken up by the flowstone or stalagmite cascade at the entrance to the Brunel Chamber.

New Mexico > View New Mexico Mining and Minerals Division: News, Announcements and Public Notices · Pending Permit Applications General New Mexico Supreme Court upholds designation of Traditional Cultural Property status to Mount Taylor.

This age is obtained from radiometric dating and is assumed by evolutionists to provide a sufficiently long time-frame for Darwinian evolution. And OE Christians theistic evolutionists see no problem with this dating whilst still accepting biblical creation, see Radiometric Dating – A Christian Perspective. This is the crucial point: Some claim Genesis in particular, and the Bible in general looks mythical from this standpoint.

A full discussion of the topic must therefore include the current scientific challenge to the OE concept. This challenge is mainly headed by Creationism which teaches a young-earth YE theory. A young earth is considered to be typically just 6, years old since this fits the creation account and some dating deductions from Genesis. The crucial point here is: Accepted Dating Methods Here we outline some dating methods , both absolute and relative, that are widely accepted and used by the scientific community.

Absolute dating supplies a numerical date whilst relative dating places events in time-sequence; both are scientifically useful. Radiometric Dating This is based upon the spontaneous breakdown or decay of atomic nuclei. Radioactive parent P atoms decay to stable daughter D atoms e. The time required for half the original number of parent atoms to decay is called the half life.

Age of the Earth

See some updates to this article. We now consider in more detail one of the problems with potassium-argon dating, namely, the branching ratio problem. Here is some relevant information that was e-mailed to me. There are some very serious objections to using the potassium-argon decay family as a radiometric clock. The geochronologist considers the Ca40 of little practical use in radiometric dating since common calcium is such an abundant element and the radiogenic Ca40 has the same atomic mass as common calcium.

The generally accepted age for the Earth and the rest of the solar system is about billion years (plus or minus about 1%). This value is derived from several.

Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic. Radiometric dating is used to estimate the age of rocks and other objects based on the fixed decay rate of radioactive isotopes. Learn about half-life and how it is used in different dating methods, such as uranium-lead dating and radiocarbon dating, in this video lesson. Radiometric Dating The aging process in human beings is easy to see.

As we age, our hair turns gray, our skin wrinkles and our gait slows. However, rocks and other objects in nature do not give off such obvious clues about how long they have been around. So, we rely on radiometric dating to calculate their ages.

Chauvet Cave

This article is the last in a series offering an explanation for how distant starlight could be visible from an earth that is only thousands of years old. Vardiman and Humphreys have contributed their considerable scientific expertise in presenting a creationist cosmology that seems to resolve this question. To read the entire series, visit www.

One of the very foundations of evolution and popular science today is the “geologic column.” This column is made up of layers of sedimentary rock that supposedly formed over millions and even billions of .

Christian Private Evolutionists and old-Earthers like to believe that radiometric data is simply spit out of the Earth and falls onto the page that they construct age models and graphs with. In reality, a huge amount of subjective rationalization and filtering processes the “good dates” from the “bad dates” “bad dates” are not typically published because they are assumed to be wrong.

If something gives an unwelcome date, then it tends to be automatically assumed to be a case of contamination by various natural processes, identified or not. There are countless “outliers”, that have all been rationalized away as something nature messed up. Finally, it is rarely a good solution to eliminate many apparently inferior results just because one date or one formation appears to be highly reliable. These remarks would appear to be somewhat obvious, but experience shows that these rules are frequently rejected.

If they are inconsistent, then blame nature and ignore the results.

Uranium-lead dating